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以博会友,以友辅仁

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孟德尔炮台  

2017-05-29 05:38:12|  分类: 2017美国 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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灯塔附近是个军事设施
孟德尔炮台 - 霜晨 - 以博会友,以友辅仁
BATTERY MENDEL
This battery was named for an Army engineer, Colonel George H. Mendel. After his graduation from West Point in 1852, he began a long career in planning and designing military structures. During the late nineteenth century, he supervised the building of many Bay Area coastal fortifications. Battery Mendel was completed in 1905, shortly after his retirement. It was armed with 2 "disappearing" guns, which would fold back out of sight after they were fired. It remained active service until 1943.
孟德尔炮台
本炮台的命名源自陆军工程师乔治. H. 孟德尔上校。1852年孟德尔上校自西点军校毕业后,开始军事设施规划设计的漫长生涯。十九世纪后期,他监管了众多海湾地区军事防御工事建筑。孟德尔炮台完成于孟德尔退休后不久的1905年。它配备了两台“可消失”的枪炮,开火后可以折叠挡住外边的视线。直到1943年,炮台一直活跃在海防线上。
孟德尔炮台 - 霜晨 - 以博会友,以友辅仁
去炮台时,我没有相机(没电了),还没有时间(我们需要赶到一个小镇去吃饭),出于对战争的“热爱”(一辈子的英雄都是源于战争),仅仅用手机草草拍了几张照片。
从炮台的“枪眼”看太平洋。
孟德尔炮台 - 霜晨 - 以博会友,以友辅仁
下面的照片是一张说明的四张照片,我们看看说了些啥。
上图左:
Though Battery Mendell's firepower was quickly surpassed by newer batteries and weapons, its guns remained in service until 1943, when they were removed and sold for scrap metal.
虽然孟德尔炮台的火力很快被其他炮台和武器超越了,它的枪炮还是一直服务到1943年,43年被拆除卖了废铁。
上图右:
None of San Francisco's many generations of harbor defenses ever fired at hostile forces. But some of the batteries, including Battery Mendell, conducted practice fire. Had an enemy appeared, the soldiers could have loaded the guns while remaining out of sight behind the parapet.
三藩市很多代的海湾防御从来没向敌方势力开过火。但是很多炮台,包括孟德尔炮台,都实弹演习过。敌人一旦出现,战士可以隐匿枪炮,藏在掩体后边。
孟德尔炮台 - 霜晨 - 以博会友,以友辅仁
下图左
In the plotting room, the one-story section directly in front of you, a trained crew made the calculations necessary for accurately aiming the guns. Using a method called "triangulation" and data provided by two lookout posts (base end stations) positioned in key spots on the coast, the plotting crew could pinpoint targets miles out to sea.
在测绘室,可以看到事情的一部分,训练有素的人员为精确瞄准枪炮做必需计算。利用一个叫做“三角测量”的方法和两个定位于海岸关键地点瞭望台(基地站)提供的数据,测绘人员可以精确测定离海岸几英里的目标。
Base Line(基线), BASE END STATION(基点站), GUN BATTERY(炮台), TARGET (目标)
下图右
Soldiers being visited by their wives and sweethearts at Battery Mendell; 1908
妻子、恋人们看望军人;1908年拍摄
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